Governor-General Seyn ordered a news blackout in Finland over the coup in St. Petersburg

Governor-General F. A. Seyn used censorship to block news about the revolution in St. Petersburg. Not until 17 March was the Finnish press allowed to give a full account of what was happening. All newspapers contained large blank spaces where the censorship had removed text. Seeing the white spaces, the readers understood that something extraordinary […]

March revolution in Russia forced the Emperor to step down

The Russian Emperor and Grand Duke of Finland Nicholas II abdicated on 15 March 1917. His brother Grand Duke Mikhail refused to accept the crown. A committee set up by the Duma started to govern Russia. People began calling the committee the provisional government. The new government was chaired by Prince Georgy Lvov. The change […]

Manner, Kullervo

Kullervo Manner – a socialist Speaker of parliament as the head of state of Red Finland Kullervo Manner (1880–1939) served as Speaker of the Finnish parliament with a socialist majority in 1917. In 1918, he became Chairman of the People’s Delegation that governed the so-called Red Finland. Towards the end of the civil war, Manner […]